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Hemorrhoids

Ramon Vazquez, MD -  - Board Certified General Surgeon

Ramon Vazquez, MD

Board Certified General Surgeon & Vascular and Endovascular Surgery located in West Palm Beach, FL

Pain, bleeding, and itching in your anal area may be a sign of hemorrhoids or fissures. Board-certified general surgeon Ramon Vazquez Jr., MD, provides state-of-the-art treatment for hemorrhoids and anal fissures at his practice in West Palm Beach, Florida. If you think you may have hemorrhoids, call Ramon Vazquez, MD, PA, or book an appointment online today for expert care.

Hemorrhoids Q & A

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins, similar to varicose veins, that occur in your anus or lower rectum. About 3 out of 4 adults experience hemorrhoids at some point. The different types of hemorrhoids include:

Internal hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids develop inside your rectum, which is the end portion of your large intestine. Typically, you can’t see or feel internal hemorrhoids, and they rarely cause discomfort. Internal hemorrhoids may cause bleeding during bowel movements. 

External hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids occur beneath the skin around your anus, which is the bottom of your rectum where the gastrointestinal tract ends and exits your body. This type may cause an array of uncomfortable symptoms around your anus, including:

  • Itching and irritation
  • Pain and swelling
  • Anal bleeding

Thrombosed hemorrhoids

A thrombosed hemorrhoid develops when blood pools around an external hemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus). This can lead to severe pain, swelling, and a hard lump near your anus. 

What are anal fissures?

Anal fissures are tiny tears in the skin around your anus. They cause symptoms that may make you think you have hemorrhoids, including pain, itching, and bleeding, around the anus. Anal fissures tend to be more painful than hemorrhoids.

Dr. Vazquez provides professional diagnosis and treatment for all types of hemorrhoids and anal fissures. 

How are hemorrhoids and anal fissures treated?

To diagnose your condition, Dr. Vazquez reviews your symptoms and medical history and performs a physical exam. External hemorrhoids and anal fissures are often visible, but internal hemorrhoids may require a procedure, like an anoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy.

Then, Dr. Vazquez recommends the best treatment for your specific condition. Many hemorrhoids and fissures resolve with conservative treatments, like Sitz baths and changes to your diet. He may use Botox® injections to relax painful muscle spasms associated with anal fissures. 

If you continue to experience pain and bleeding from hemorrhoids or fissures that don’t respond to treatment, Dr. Vazquez may treat them surgically with the most advanced techniques available. 

Call the office of Ramon Vazquez, MD, PA, or book an appointment online today to learn more about your options for hemorrhoid treatment.